HALÉVY La Juive Sutej DVD-VIDEO

FROMENTAL HALÉVY

La Juive · Die Jüdin · The Jewess
Neil Shicoff · Krassimira Stoyanova
Simina Ivan · Walter Fink
Chor und Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper
Vjekoslav Sutej
Production: Günter Krämer
With Documentary
Int. Release 03 Nov. 2004
2 DVD-Videos
0440 073 4001 1
2 DVD-VIDEO NTSC 0440 073 4001 1 GH 2
STEREO: PCM / SURROUND: Dolby Digital 5.1 & DTS 5.1
Subtitles: French/German/English/Spanish
Picture Format: 4:3
Vienna State Opera 2003


트랙리스트

DVD 1: Halévy: La Juive

Jacques Halévy (1799 - 1862)
La Juive

1.
0:20

Act 1

2.
5:03

3.
0:50

Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Krassimira Stoyanova, Janusz Monarcha, Jianyi Zhang, Boaz Daniel, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Boaz Daniel, Janusz Monarcha, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Krassimira Stoyanova, Boaz Daniel, Neil Shicoff, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Walter Fink, Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Boaz Daniel, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Jianyi Zhang, Krassimira Stoyanova, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Boaz Daniel, Jianyi Zhang, Janusz Monarcha, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Janusz Monarcha, Neil Shicoff, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Jianyi Zhang, Janusz Monarcha, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Act 2

14.
1:40

Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Neil Shicoff, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Simina Ivan, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Simina Ivan, Neil Shicoff, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Krassimira Stoyanova, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Neil Shicoff, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Act 3

Simina Ivan, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Simina Ivan, Jianyi Zhang, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Simina Ivan, Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Walter Fink, Boaz Daniel, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Jianyi Zhang, Simina Ivan, Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Walter Fink, Boaz Daniel, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Walter Fink, Neil Shicoff, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Walter Fink, Simina Ivan, Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Jianyi Zhang, Boaz Daniel, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Simina Ivan, Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Jianyi Zhang, Boaz Daniel, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

총 재생시간 1:58:44

DVD 2: Halévy: La Juive

Jacques Halévy (1799 - 1862)
La Juive

Act 4

Simina Ivan, Krassimira Stoyanova, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Martin Müller, Simina Ivan, Krassimira Stoyanova, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Neil Shicoff, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Walter Fink, Neil Shicoff, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Neil Shicoff, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Act 5

9.
2:11

Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej

Boaz Daniel, Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Krassimira Stoyanova, Neil Shicoff, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Boaz Daniel, Neil Shicoff, Krassimira Stoyanova, Walter Fink, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vjekoslav Sutej, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Ernst Dunshirn

Neil Shicoff

Act 4

Neil Shicoff, Orchestra, Eugene Kohn

총 재생시간 2:06:09

Neil Shicoff: his ferocious identification with the role of Eléazar has revived Halévy's "La Juive". It was Caruso's favourite opera, and was hailed at its premiere as the 'Eighth Wonder of the World' . . . Today, Brooklyn-born tenor, Neil Shicoff, has played Eléazar to extraordinary critical acclaim . . . The son of a cantor, Shicoff's psychological depth in interpretating the role of Eléazar -- who on a matter of religious principle refuses to save his daughter from a fiery death -- has prompted the critic of "Der Kurier" to write: 'Shicoff is no longer a tenor, he is an exceptional singer who transforms a star turn into a harrowing character'.

The opera usually centres on the character of Eléazar, the devout, troubled, vengeful Jew. It does so here, with Neil Shicoff acting as a lonely, preoccupied figure, one who has strayed into the world of grand opera from a production of something (Incident at Vichi, perhaps) by Arthur Miller. His singing wins the audience, with an ovation after 'Rachel, quand du Seigneur' . . . Sound quality is fine. Günter Krämer's production has been admired and exported.

. . . the fierce intensity of Neil Shicoff's Eléazar . . . will leave an indelible impression.

Neill Shicoff certainly delivers a harrowingly impressive performance . . . Vjekoslav Sutej conducts masterfully.

The present recording boasts a central performance of complete identification and almost feral intensity from Neil Shicoff, his singing proceeding wholly from his acting, climaxing in a grippingly staged reading of the Act 4 aria ('Rachel, quand du Seigneur') . . . this remains an essential release of an important, rare and cherishable work in a fine performance.

. . . simply a good story - - the piece contains much very relevant comment on religious intolerance, and there is a timeless quality to Shicoff¿s portrayal of Eleazar, a timelessness mirrored by a stage production which avoids setting the story in any instantly recognisable time or location. The performance is powerfully effective and frequently moving. Its images stay with you long after the final note has died away.

Stoyanova is a marvel, singing with warmth, acting with nuance . . . Her voice has a dusky smoothness, evenly produced from vibrant chest voice to the electric top . . . Throughout, the playing of the Vienna Philharmonic is richly burnished and vital . . . The whole package is eagerly recommended and is an early Want List candidate.

The music, after a slow start, consistently holds one's interest . . . Sound and picture quality are excellent.

My own list highlights two DVDs of crucial yet neglected specimens of French grand opera, captured in vivid staged form. A favorite of Mahler, Halévy's "La Juive", is captured stunningly in a 2003 revival of the 1999 Vienna production.

Das ganz und gar Außergewöhnliche dieser Produktion war der Tenor des Abends: Neil Shicoff sang den streitbaren jüdischen Goldschmied Eléazar, der zusammen mit seiner Tochter Rachel von den Christen hingerichtet wird, mit einer so flammenden Intensität, daß das sonst so gefällig in sich ruhende Wiener Opernpublikum geradezu aus den Sesseln geschleudert wurde. Seither zählt der Eléazar zu den absoluten Glanzrollen des phänomenalen amerikanischen Tenors, dessen darstellerische und sängerische Intelligenz und seine künstlerische Unbedingtheit seine Auftritte immer wieder zu atemberaubenden Abenteuern machen, die sich in die Erinnerung einbrennen . . . Seine hinreißende Interpretation der Arie "Rachel, quand du Seigneur" . . . ist ein philosophisches Selbstgespräch vor der Hinrichtung, ein innerer Kampf zwischen Tochterliebe und Rachedurst . . . Der November ist für Opernfreunde ein Neil-Shicoff-Fest. Nicht nur singt der charismatische Startenor in der Wiener Staatsoper dreimal seine "Lebensrolle", den jüdischen Goldschmied Eléazar in Halévys "La Juive", es erscheint auch bei der Deutschen Grammophon die ultimative "Juive"-Doppel-DVD, auf
der alles zu begutachten ist, was Shicoff jemals im Zusammenhang mit dieser Oper gemacht hat.

Gleich zwei neue DVDs mit dem amerikanischen Startenor Neil Shicoff bieten sich als Weihnachtsgeschenke an. Einmal die jüngst bei der DG erschienene "Juive" aus der Wiener Staatsoper mit Shicoff in seiner Glanzrolle als jüdischer Golschmied Eléazar; zum anderen ein Mitschnitt von Offenbachs "Les Contes d'Hoffmann" aus der Pariser Oper mit Shicoff als trunksüchtigem Dichter Hoffmann und Bryn Terfel in der Rolle der vier Bösewichter. Grandios!

Dank seiner Expressivität hat Neil Shicoff das Opernpublikum in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder zu Begeisterungsstürmen hingerissen, doch mit dem Eléazar in Jacques Fromental Halévys "La Juive" ("Die Jüdin") neue Maßstäbe gesetzt . . . Dank seines Gespürs für Emotionen und seines Drangs zu obsessiven Charakterzeichnungen gelingt es Neil Shicoff, eben diese Vielschichtigkeit höchst emotional und glaubhaft auszudrücken; sein Instrument ist sein -- auch hier -- gelegentlich forcierter, aber immer fesselnder und strahlender Tenor. Als letzter großer Sänger hatte sich übrigens Enrico Caruso den ungewöhnlichen Herausforderungen des Eléazar gestellt, und in Neil Shicoff nun einen würdigen Nachfolger gefunden, der die wirkungsvolle Partie (nebst hörenswerter Oper um ihn hierum) zu leben weiß . . . Mehr als nur ein Bonus, nämlich eine der beten Sängerdokumentationen überhaupt, ist das der DVD beigefügte "Finding Eléazar -- Portrait of a tenor and a role". Mit viel Selbstironie erlebt man eine tenorale Diva, die zwischen Berufung und Selbstzerfleischung Engergie für nervenaufreibende Auftritte gewinnt . . . Das 55 Minuten lange Porträt zeigt beeindruckend ehrlich das "wahre" Gesicht eines extremen Sängers, das so gar nicht dem Klischee von Glanz und Glamour eines Stars entspricht.

Halévys "Jüdin", 1835 in Paris erstaufgeführt, gehört zu den grandiosen Opernpartituren der Romantik . . . Wenn Shicoff die große "Rachel"-Arie am Ende des vierten Akts singt, in der er mit sich selbst hadert, ob er seine vermeintliche Tochter mit in den Tod reißen darf, erreicht er eine Intensität sondergleichen.

Magnifique représentant du grand opéra à la française, "La Juive" d'Halévy (crée en 1835) est un chef-d'¿uvre reste méconnu du disque . . . La partition est d'une construction impeccable et le conflit religieux traite par le livret d'Eugène Scribe offre un drame poignant d'une particulière actualité . . . Autour de Shicoff, la distribution, excellente, est entièrement nouvelle. Krassimiria Stoyanova est une bouleversante Rachel, dont le timbre plus sombre que celui d'Isokoski convient mieux à l'héroïne . . . La mise en scène . . . est une totale réussite, parfaitement filmée. Reste l'Eléazar de Shicoff. Pour voir et entendre cet artiste magnifique, il faut acquérir cette "Juive".

. . . Neil Shicoff, formidable Eléazar dans cette production . . . le spectacle net et moderne construit par Günter Krämer fonctionne fort bien, en mettant l'accent sur les conflits racistes eternels entre chrétiens et juifs en un temps plus récent que l'original, et évidemment très parlant pour nous (et plus encore pour les Viennois) et en jouant à fond la psychologie de personnages (quand c'est possible) . . . il communique ce feu à sa fille, la magnifique Stoyanova. Lui . . . ose tout, incarne avec grandeur ou cabotine avec excès . . . C'est . . . époustouflant . . . C'est magistral.

La palme revenant à Neil Shicoff, toujours prêt à faire son numéro de paranoïaque déchainée et massacrant comme jamais une partition exaltante . . .

Le grand opéra en 5 actes ¿La Juive¿ de Jacques Fromental Halévy était, depuis sa création en 1835 à l¿Opéra de Paris et jusqu¿avant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, une ¿uvre à succès. Injustement délaissée depuis, elle vient de connaître une renaissance grâce à un ténor qui avait senti que l¿opéra contenait le rôle d¿une vie: Neil Shicoff . . . est un vengeur impitoyable et en même temps un être martyrisé et persécuté. Il est Èléazar jusqu¿au plus profond de son âme, il campe un personnage d¿une intensité à nous couper le souffle. Vocalement superbe . . . c¿est lui qui est l¿attrait principal de cette production, c¿est pour lui (et pour l¿¿uvre, fascinante) qu¿il faut avoir vu ce grand opéra. Toutefois il ne faudrait pas sous-estimer la prestation de l¿excellente basse Walter Fink dans le rôle de Brogni. Le reste de la distribution est honnête . . . Pour ce symbolisme, pour la force de la musique et pour Neil Shicoff, il faut avoir vu cette Juive.

Como era de esperar, por tanto, la gran estrella, y el valor de esta grabación de la ópera de Viena, se llama Shicoff, . . . Shicoff no tiene por tanto rival en estas funciones . . . esta interpretación que demuestra cómo se puede moldear un personaje desde la interiorización más íntima, haciéndolo totalmente humano, real e inmediato ante los ojos del espectador.

... c'é di che entusiasmarsi ... per la prestazione sconvolgente di Neil Shicoff (Eléazar): più ancora che voce (notevolissima), talento da attore drammatico di prosa da brivido; e vi consigliamo caldamente (si astenga il pubblico emotivamente labile) di proseguire con la visione dei 68 minuti di 'bonus' che raccontano come nasce la sua interpretazione. ... i capitoli 7 e 8 del secondo DVD, 'assolo' di Shicoff indimenticabile, valgono tutte le 4 ore.
The Role that Neil Shicoff was born to sing

First performed in Paris in 1835, La Juive was described by one contemporary as the ”eighth wonder of the world”. It brought fame and recognition to its composer, Fromental Halévy (1799–1862), and was praised by composers as diverse as Verdi and Wagner, remaining in the programmes of many of the world’s major opera houses for a century or more. Both in Vienna and New York, La Juive was one of the cornerstones of the repertory, at least as long as there were outstanding tenors available to sing the role of Eléazar. In Vienna, Leo Slezak and Franz Völker triumphed in the part, while in New York it was Caruso and Martinelli. The role was written for another great tenor of his day, Adolphe Nourrit. When the thirty-four-year-old Halévy was invited to set a libretto by the famous Eugène Scribe for the Paris Opéra, it was intended that Nourrit should take the part of the young lover, Léopold. But once he had familiarized himself with the subject, Nourrit claimed for himself the part of the impassioned and vengeful father, a part originally allotted to a bass. In fact, Nourrit thought Eléazar too gloomy as a character and so he encouraged Halévy to write an additional aria designed to enlist the audience’s sympathies, even writing the words for it himself. This aria at the end of Act Four became the opera’s most famous number, continuing to retain its popularity even after La Juive had finally disappeared from the repertory.

There were above all two reasons why La Juive faded from view in the wake of the Second World War. First, the genre of French grand opera was no longer deemed fashionable. Following the painful experiences of Fascism and Communism and their stage-managed marches and processions, the vast choruses and ballets and spectacular massed scenes of grand opera inspired a feeling of unease at the use of effects that seemed merely superficial. And from a dramaturgical point of view, grand opera, which linked individual fates with historical events, was bound to seem alienating in an age in which theatre audiences were interested above all in the complex inner lives of the characters on stage. But the second and more decisive reason for the opera’s neglect must be sought in the fact that few tenors took an interest in La Juive any longer, the single exception being Richard Tucker. Eléazar was a role that attracted him not least on denominational grounds. He sang the part in New Orleans and Barcelona and for years attempted to persuade the Metropolitan Opera to undertake a production. The house finally agreed, but Tucker suffered a heart attack on the day before the contract was due to be signed in January 1975. Another quarter of a century was to pass before Halévy’s opera enjoyed a comeback, and it was Vienna that showed the way. The director of the Vienna State Opera, Ioan Holender, had already programmed a number of grand operas during his intendancy, contributing substantially to the rehabilitation of the genre with productions of Wagner’s Rienzi, Meyerbeer’s Le prophète and Rossini’s Guillaume Tell. But the high point of these endeavours was the first night of La Juive on 23 October 1999. The production proved hugely successful, effectively overturning all the prejudices against grand opera and revealing La Juive to be an admirably constructed piece, a vast, passionate drama for which Halévy wrote masterful music that served as a model for many later composers.

And not only was the production hugely successful, it remained so, encouraging other international houses to take an interest in the work. Tel Aviv had already staged the Vienna production by January 2000, and the Metropolitan Opera saw it in the autumn of 2003, when it was acclaimed as the event of the season. One singer played a substantial part in this success: the American tenor Neil Shicoff. Like Tucker, Shicoff comes from a Jewish family and, again like Tucker, he sang as a child in a Jewish synagogue, where his father was the cantor. Yet this biographical detail is not in itself enough to explain Shicoff’s particular affinity with the part, an affinity that stems from his specific personality. Shicoff is a perfectionist, a man who seeks the truth and who is never content merely to show off his vocal qualities. Instead, he always strives to bring to life even the most hidden facets of the character that he is portraying on stage. Although he has been successful as Cavaradossi and Manrico and in other spinto tenor roles, he is at his most distinctive when he takes the part of paranoid figures who are inwardly torn apart. These figures include Werther, Hoffmann, Lensky and Peter Grimes but also, and above all, Eléazar. Halévy’s Eléazar is a cunning businessman, loving father, implacable avenger and persecuted martyr. In his tragic disunity he is ideally suited to Neil Shicoff, who lives the part with breathtaking intensity, his singing and acting merging together to form an indivisible whole. In Eléazar, Neil Shicoff has found the role that he was born to sing.

This was also reflected in the reviews, with the critic of Der Kurier, for example, writing that ”Shicoff is no longer a tenor, he is an exceptional singer who transforms a star turn into a harrowing character”. And the Neue Westfälische Zeitung noted that ”in Caruso’s role of Eléazar, Neil Shicoff scaled the most glorious heights to thunderous applause”. The present recording is based not on the first night but on a revival in 2003, when some of the roles were newly cast. But in this performance, too, Günter Krämer’s intelligent and richly symbolic production proved no less effective than before.

Peter Blaha

Biography Neil Shicoff

Neil Shicoff was born in Brooklyn, New York. He studied at the Juilliard School of Music and with his father, the celebrated cantor Sidney Shicoff. He made his professional debut as the title hero in Verdi's Ernani conducted by James Levine in Cincinnati in 1975. As early as 1976, he made his debut at the Metropolitan Opera as Rinuccio in Gianni Schicchi conducted by James Levine.

Internationally recognized as the pre-eminent American tenor of his generation, Neil Shicoff has appeared at all of the world's most important opera houses including the Metropolitan Opera, Vienna State Opera, La Scala, Paris Opéra, Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Berlin's Deutsche Oper, Bavarian State Opera, Lyric Opera of Chicago, San Francisco Opera, Hamburg State Opera, Grand Théâtre de Genève, Arena di Verona, Nederlandse Opera, Opernhaus Zürich, Welsh National Opera, Scottish Opera, Santa Fé Opera, Barcelona's Liceu and Buenos Aires' Teatro Colón.

In addition to his operatic successes, he has sung with the Israel Philharmonic conducted by Leonard Bernstein, the Berliner Philharmoniker conducted by Claudio Abbado, the San Francisco Symphony conducted by Edo de Waart, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra conducted by Seiji Ozawa. He has also collaborated with celebrated conductors such as Carlos Kleiber, Riccardo Muti, Giuseppe Sinopoli, James Levine, Charles Dutoit, Michael Tilson Thomas, Sir Charles Mackerras, Semyon Bychkov, James Conlon, Antonio Pappano, Carlo Rizzi, Donald Runnicles, Sylvain Cambreling, Neeme Järvi and Riccardo Chailly.

Known for his intensely passionate portrayals, Neil Shicoff has appeared in notable productions by Franco Zeffirelli, Jean-Pierre Ponnelle, Elijah Moshinsky, Götz Friedrich, Robert Carsen, Andrei Serban, Pier Luigi Pizzi, Werner Schröter, Lina Wertmüller and Harold Prince among others.