Krystian Zimerman - Biography
Music for Krystian Zimerman is the art of organising emotions in time. The Polish pianist’s interpretations of everything from Beethoven and Chopin to Schubert and Szymanowski reveal infinite expressive subtleties and the underlying clarity of his story-telling through music. Zimerman’s place among today’s greatest artists rests not least on the freshness and originality of his performances, always intensely personal and prepared in meticulous detail. He may study a work for decades, exploring every facet and contemplating its meaning before introducing it to his recital repertoire or taking it into the recording studio. His approach belongs to a dynamic process of creative evolution, one in which self-criticism, deep reflection and intuition play significant parts. “The final thing – that which art is made of – happens in the concert hall,” he notes.
Krystian Zimerman was born into a musical family in Zabrze in southern Poland in 1956. He was introduced to chamber music-making as an infant by the many musicians who visited his home, received his first piano lessons at the age of five from his pianist father and subsequently studied privately and at the Katowice Conservatory with Andrzej Jasiński. Zimerman made his breakthrough in 1975 when he won First Prize at the International Fryderyk Chopin Competition in Warsaw. Although the 18-year-old emerged as the prestigious competition’s youngest ever winner, he recognised that he needed time to develop his artistry. In 1976 he was invited by the legendary Artur Rubinstein to work with him in Paris. Fresh artistic and psychological insights arose from his consequent period of close study with one of the 20th century’s greatest pianists, as well as from time spent with Claudio Arrau, Emil Gilels, Sviatoslav Richter and Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, among others.
Over the past four decades, Krystian Zimerman has collaborated with many of the world’s leading musicians. He has performed chamber music in partnership with, among others, Gidon Kremer, Kyung-Wha Chung and Yehudi Menuhin, and worked with such conductors as Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Bernard Haitink, Herbert von Karajan, Zubin Mehta, Riccardo Muti, André Previn, Seiji Ozawa, Sir Simon Rattle and Stanisław Skrowaczewski.
Zimerman’s first recording for Deutsche Grammophon, a recital of compositions by Chopin, was released in 1977. His discography as an exclusive yellow label artist includes many landmark recordings, among them the piano concertos of Beethoven and Brahms with the Wiener Philharmoniker and Bernstein; the Grieg and Schumann concertos with the Berliner Philharmoniker and Karajan; Debussy’s Préludes; and Chopin’s two piano concertos with the Polish Festival Orchestra, a hand-picked ensemble of outstanding young Polish musicians created by Zimerman to mark the 150th anniversary of Chopin’s death in 1999.
He has made two recordings of Witold Lutosławski’s Piano Concerto, a work written for and dedicated to him. The first, issued by DG in 1992, was conducted by the composer. It was followed in 2015 by the release of a live recording made with the Berliner Philharmoniker and Rattle. Other recording highlights include an album of chamber works by Grażyna Bacewicz (2011), Brahms’s Piano Concerto No.1 with Rattle and the Berliner Philharmoniker (2006), and Bartók’s Piano Concerto No.1 with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Boulez (2005). Zimerman’s first solo album for over twenty-five years, a recording of Schubert’s late Piano Sonatas D959 and D960, was issued by Deutsche Grammophon in September 2017 and hailed by Gramophone as “a marvellously life-enhancing release”. His latest album is a centenary tribute to his friend Leonard Bernstein: a live recording of the composer’s Symphony No.2 “The Age of Anxiety”, recorded with the Berliner Philharmoniker and Sir Simon Rattle and set for release on 24 August 2018.
A particular feature of the 2017-18 season has been his participation in the Bernstein centenary celebrations with a series of performances of “The Age of Anxiety” in company with, among others, the London Symphony Orchestra and Berliner Philharmoniker and Rattle, and the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich and David Zinman. Other recent highlights include his debut in China with the Shanghai Symphony Orchestra and Paavo Järvi; concerts with the Taipei and Bangkok symphony orchestras; and performances of Brahms’s Piano Concerto No.1 and Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No.4 with the London Symphony Orchestra and Berliner Philharmoniker under Rattle. He begins the 2018-19 season with further performances of “The Age of Anxiety” with the LSO and Rattle at the Lucerne Festival and Tokyo’s Suntory Hall (September 2018).
Krystian Zimerman’s artistry, unlike that of most other pianists, is inextricably linked to his knowledge of the mechanics and structure of his instrument. He developed practical skills as piano builder and keyboard technician during his formative years and has refined them since in close cooperation with Steinway & Sons in Hamburg.