TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 5  / Dudamel


Symphonie No. 5

Francesca da Rimini
Simón Bolívar Youth
Orchestra of Venezuela
Gustavo Dudamel
Int. Release 16 Feb. 2009
1 CD / Download
0289 477 8022 9
Live recording · Konzertmitschnitt

Empfohlener Track: CD 1 / Track 3

Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski schrieb seine Sinfonie Nr. 5 e-Moll op. 64 im Jahre 1888. Die Sätze durchzieht ein gemeinsames Leitthema, das Schicksalsmotiv, welches die bedächtige Melodie der Klarinetten darstellt. Der dritte Satz ist im Stil eines ruhigen Walzers geschrieben. Können sie das kurze Spiel des Schicksalsmotives hier hören?

Track List

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840 - 1893)
Symphony No.5 in E Minor, Op.64, TH.29

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840 - 1893)
Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra of Venezuela, Gustavo Dudamel

Total Playing Time 1:13:37

The extraordinary thing about this orchestra and its charismatic young conductor is that all the hype is justified. And the message they send about art and deprivation has relevance for rich and poor; if you play as if your life depends on it . . . your music can become sublime.

. . . it's the finale of the symphony that shows Dudamel and his orcehstra at their best, when they generate tremendous intensity . . .

A sinewy, uninhibited Tchaikovsky Fifth -- you'd expect nothing less from this source. Dudamel and his young players feed on one another; the exchange of energy is extraordinary. Tchaikovsky's impulsive changes of tempo feel more naturally impetuous while the phrasing is directly reflected in the sound: just listen to the yearning second theme of the Allegro con anima and the way that the sheen on the violin sound intensifies with the release. But as with their famous Prom a couple of years back, it's not just the fireworks but the inwardness of this performance that brings the biggest surprises. The great Andante cantabile horn theme (so soft and consoling) emerges almost imperceptibly from the somnolent harmonies of the lower strings at the start of the movement. It's like discovering Romeo and Juliet before the unwelcome dawn -- the atmosphere is extraordinarily charged. And what sweet the Simón Bolívar string-players lend the second theme, not least in the climatic return. . . . the allegro vivace comes off the starting blocks at such a blistering pace as to register a nanosecond of disbelief that such a tempo is even possible. But the real disbelief is still to come. To better this account of "Francesca da Rimini" you need to go back to Stokowski or Bernstein's underrated Israel Philharmonic recording. As if the descent into Dante's inferno isn't intense enough -- Dudamel's pacing of this lengthy introduction is quite masterly -- the whirlwind at its core glows white hot with astonishing virtuosity displayed from every department . . . Exciting? Deliriously so.

. . . the Andante cantabile theme is played exquisitely by the horn soloist . . . the orchestra produces a gorgeous sound . . .

If you had the slightest doubt about the talents of young Gustavo Dudamel, the DG Tchaikovsky disc should dispel them . . . the Fifth Symphony belongs on any list of the great recordings of that oft recorded warhorse. It is as if Dudamel and his young Venezuelans are composing the music as they go along, so fresh and committed is the music making.

Kaum ein anderer junger Dirigent ist so engagiert und derart arbeitswütig wie er. Und niemand liest die Klassiker von Beethoven und Tschaikowsky heute radikaler als das Kind aus dem Sistema in Venezuela . . . Gustavo Dudamel, der Strahlemann der Orchesterpulte, überrascht mit einer innigen, feierlichen und stets präzise balancierten Tschaikowsky-CD . . .

. . . [man] versteht sehr schnell, dass der Dirigent und seine Musiker eine besondere Beziehung zu Tschaikowsky und seiner 5. Sinfonie aufgebaut haben . . . Von Satz zu Satz wird immer deutlicher, dass die Musiker Tschaikowskys 5. Sinfonie als die absolut authentische Beschreibung ihres Lebensgefühls empfinden. Und wenn dann im vierten Satz jugendliches Ungestüm verbunden mit einer unbändigen Lebensfreude allen Kleinmut und alle Schicksalsgläubigkeit einfach wegfegt, dann geschieht Ungeheuerliches in dieser Einspielung. Wer es nicht selbst gehört hat, der glaubt es nicht: Dieser vierte Satz . . . gewinnt in der Interpretation von Dudamel eine überzeugende neue Glaubwürdigkeit. Und schließlich -- man geniert sich fast, es zuzugeben: In einer Situation, die durch Krisen, eskalierende Konflikte, aber auch durch neue Hoffnungen geprägt ist, wirkt die fröhliche Zukunftsgläubigkeit der jungen Musiker animierend und ansteckend.

Er ist unverkennbar . . . Gustavo Dudamel reißt die Massen zu wahren Begeisterungsstürmen hin. Zusammen mit seinem Simon-Bolivar-Jugendorchester avancierte er so in kürzester Zeit zum Publikumsliebling. Und der Funke springt über, denn Dudamel schafft es jedes Mal, seine Leidenschaft für die Musik auf seine jungen Musiker zu übertragen.

Wenn . . . Gustavo Dudamel den Taktstock in die Hand nimmt, dann elektrisiert er sein Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. Und das junge Publikum ebenso. Nun hat er . . . die jungen Musiker in seinem Orchester mit seiner Begeisterung für den russischen Komponisten angesteckt . . . der triumphale Siegesmarsch [wird] rauschhaft zelebriert . . .

Cela donne une Symphonie no 5 de Tchaikovski sans excčs, dont le premier mouvement est construit avec lucidité, calme et solennité. Pas d'embardées mais un flux agogique port pensé, avec un bons sens des rapports de tempos: ce n'est pas la 5e d'un jeune chien fou . . . ce n'est plus seulement une belle interprétation par de bons musiciens soucieux de laisser une trace sans taches, mais une tranche de vie et de drame.
    Growing Up with Tchaikovsky in Venezuela

    For many of us, Tchaikovsky was the first musical love, triggered perhaps by a visit to The Nutcracker, where the music may have outweighed the charms of the dancing, a performance of the “1812" Overture complete with fireworks, cannon and military bands, or simply a recording of the ballet suites. In Venezuela this first musical encounter, like so many others, is likely to have been even more meaningful. Once the Sistema provides the instruments, you're soon playing in a children's orchestra where, thanks to the taste and passion of Maestro José Antonio Abreu, the guiding light of the world's most significant musical education system, you will soon be embarking on the finale of the Fourth Symphony, the Marche Slave or the “1812" Overture.

    So, as Gustavo Dudamel points out: “It's part of our education. Just as when you learn the violin, you have to play Carl Flesch scales, so when we are growing up, Tchaikovsky is already part of our culture - even though Venezuela is far from Russia. I remember in concert recently I conducted the Simón Bolívar Orchestra including its founding musicians in Mahler's Fifth Symphony for the first half and Beethoven's Fifth for the second, and when we finished a lot of young people came up shouting, 'please, last movement of Tchaikovsky Four', just like in a pop concert you have the audience asking for their favourites."

    I asked Dudamel whether there was something about Tchaikovsky that suited the Latin temperament; after all, Abbado and Muti are among his greatest interpreters. “It has something to do with the fact that when you play Tchaikovsky you can fall in love with it immediately", he says. “Of course the melodies are so grateful, and he plays with the harmonies so perfectly. The phrases are often regular and easy to understand, and it's important for our orchestra to be able to grasp the structure of a symphony immediately."

    Perhaps it helps, I suggest, that the Fifth is the purest and most classical of the last three Tchaikovsky symphonies. The dedication, to Hamburg's arch-conservative teacher Theodor Avé-Lallement, is significant. Tchaikovsky met him on his first tour as a conductor of his own and other works, at the beginning of 1888 when he had already become an international figure and Russia's number one composer. He received Avé-Lallement's advice - that he should settle in Germany “where classical tradition and conditions of the highest culture would quite certainly free me from my shortcomings" - with a good grace. He did not act on it, but as he worked on the Fifth Symphony that summer, he certainly set out to please Western expectations in a symphony that moves from darkness to light, much like Beethoven's Fifth.

    Here the Fate which had dogged the Fourth Symphony becomes Providence, capable of change. The theme, lugubrious on clarinets, builds miraculously in Dudamel's opinion from “the little four or six bars he writes at the start to one of his finest marches in the finale, via a series of beautiful or dramatic variations. Though it starts in a sombre vein, I always think this is a bit like swimming in a honey pool, because it's not so much dark as deep, and it's wonderful how quickly this young orchestra picks up the right way to play with the chords and sounds."

    Both in the lyrical second theme of the Allegro con anima which follows and throughout the great Andante cantabile, Dudamel notes how often “Tchaikovsky has a different tempo indication in each bar, which is not so much about the tempi as about the feelings. One thing I had to think about carefully was the way the second movement starts, with a sequence of magical harmonies on the low strings. It gives the atmosphere for the rest of the performance. If you don't focus attention on the right sound, it's impossible to move on to the beautiful horn solo". I ask Dudamel if his soloist in this live recording is the same horn player we heard executing the obbligato in the scherzo of Mahler's Fifth Symphony so brilliantly. “No, it's the other principal horn player. Of course we have quite a choice, because there are 16 horns in the orchestra!"

    Even the third movement waltz, which Dudamel treats as a kind of interlude after running the first two movements as a single drama, has its problems, not least the fast notes for strings at the centre of the dance. “It's so balletic, and it's difficult, but it becomes less difficult when you treat it like chamber music and the strings are aware of what the timpani and the wind are playing. Here for the recording I almost stopped conducting, because it's not necessary to mark everything." As for the high drama of the finale, no need to explain the essence of that to anyone who has experienced the Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra in action: the focused passion of this team is like nothing else on earth; and though the final victory parade is often unconvincing, with the fiery pulse of youth it can carry the day.

    Francesca da Rimini is an earlier work in which Tchaikovsky, as so often, mirrors the sufferings and longings of his own tormented soul. The subjects here, immortalized in Dante's Divine Comedy, are the unhappily married Francesca da Rimini and her lover Paolo, condemned to Hell for their forbidden love and doomed to recite that “there is no greater sorrow than to recall times of happiness in misery" (a motto that might have suited the painfully nostalgic Tchaikovsky). “Orchestrally it's much more difficult and virtuosic", says Dudamel (prefacing his remark with an “ay, ay, ay" and a “wow"), “especially in the whirlwind which surrounds the lovers.

    “But I'll tell you why I decided we had to do this piece. I was watching a video of Maestro Abreu when he started the orchestra in 1976, and when you see him conducting Francesca it's out of this world. Immediately I fell in love with this music. Four years ago I showed the same film to the players, and they said, 'My God, we have to play this'. We did, but it's not been so much part of our repertoire since then. For the recording we had to begin afresh, but right from the start it was so passionate - already that wonderful clarinet solo which introduces the central love music was fantastic, and all these crazy tremolos in the strings." It is hardly surprising, then, that this disc is dedicated to José Antonio Abreu. “He took a chance in giving this opportunity to young musicians, a way to change people's lives in such a way that now this is recognized internationally as the future of the classical world". It really is as true and as simple as that. Tchaikovsky, a sincere and humble supporter of opportunities for young musicians, would surely have been delighted.

    David Nice


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